Yazd is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. The city is located 270 km southeast of Esfahan. it is currently 15th largest city in Iran. Since 2017, the historical city of Yazd is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the "City of Windcatchers" from its many examples. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, ab anbars (cisterns), qanats(underground channels), yakhchals (coolers), Persian handicrafts, handwoven cloth (Persian termeh), silk weaving, Persian Cotton Candy, and its time-honored confectioneries. Yazd is also known as City of Bicycles, because of its old history of bike riders, and the highest amount of bicycle per capita in Iran. It is reported that bicycle culture is entered and developed from Yazd, in contacting with the European visitors and tourists in the last century.
Yazd is one of the most well-known desert cities of Iran. Many Iranians and foreign tourists like to visit Yazd to view the architecture typically found in desert areas, DestinationIran reported. It is known as the city of wind towers, Zoroastrians, termeh (traditional brocade), silk weaving and sweets (like baqlava and qotab). A trip to Yazd will make you familiar with life in desert towns and how people cope with it. You learn about qanat (underground water supply system) for which Iranians are well-known. The water reservoirs, icehouses, wind-towers and pigeon towers make the visit to Yazd worthwhile, as tourists explore the uniqueness of this ancient city. Yazd is located 270 km southeast of Isfahan province and with a population of approximately 560,000, it attracts a growing number of tourists. The city is hot and dry in summer due to its location, which is between the two main deserts of Dasht-e Kavir and the Kavir-e Lut.