The Lut Desert, widely referred to as Dasht-e Lut, is a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran. It is the world's 27th-largest desert, and was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List on July 17, 2016. The surface of its sand has been measured at temperatures as high as 70 °C (159 °F), making it one of the world's driest and hottest places.
As mentioned, a kalut is the child of wind erosion in sand and dust. The Lut desert, is one of the best sites to see this astounding structure. At the first glance, you may assume these Kaluts are handmade structures, as they are artistically built. But they are sculpted by wind erosion. To reach the dunes it is highly recommended to do a tour. Travel to this large desert to see how professional is the architect of the nature. Do not hesitate to visit this haunting, UNESCO-recognized world heritage phenomenon.
Kalut, the largest cloddish city and the largest natural effects, in the Lut desert, is the unique desert complications. The Kalut is said to a sand mountain created by the effect of the dominant erosional agent in desert, i.e., wind making fascinating forms and shapes. When suddenly an exotic earth structures to be seen in the Lut desert, and it continues as far as the eye can, it seems that you entered into a town. A town with no resident as if it is constructed for spirits. Therefore, this place is called an elf city. The area is known to be one of the "Geothermal poles" among geologists. Shahdad Kalut is the most beautiful natural phenomenon and most fascinating phenomena in the Iranian desert that there is nowhere in the world like that. The legendary Kalut city was created about 20 thousand years ago with water and wind erosion. There are 100 hectares of salt in egg shape in the Shahdad desert that there is nowhere in the world like that. There is no life in the area of 30 thousand kilometers at the heart of Lut.
Kalut is like a Fantasy city. They say the hottest point in the desert is Shahdad Kerman, but this view is not recorded. Currently, the hottest spot on the recorded land is the Arizona Desert, which has a temperature of 63 degrees Celsius, while the temperature of Desert Shahdad shows a higher figure than this. The length of this fantasy city of kaloot (kalut) is 145 kilometers and its width is 80 kilometers, which is more than 11 thousand square kilometers.